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Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Allama Muhammad Iqbal, also known as the poet of the East, was a prominent figure in Urdu literature and a great philosopher of the 20th century. Born on November 9th, 1877, in Sialkot, Punjab, in British India, he is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets in the Urdu language.

Early Life and Education

Allama Iqbal received his early education in his hometown of Sialkot, where he attended a local madrasa. Later, he attended the Scotch Mission College in Sialkot, where he received his Bachelor's degree in 1897. In 1905, he completed his Master's degree in philosophy from Government College, Lahore. He then went to England to pursue further studies, where he received a degree in law from the University of Cambridge.

What is Allama Iqbal famous for?

Allama Iqbal was a renowned poet, philosopher, and politician who is widely regarded as the national poet of Pakistan. He played a pivotal role in the development of Pakistan's ideology and is considered one of the most prominent figures in South Asian literature.

Iqbal's poetry and philosophy were rooted in his belief in the importance of individuality, self-realization, and self-actualization. He wrote extensively on themes such as love, spirituality, and the relationship between the individual and society.

Iqbal's most famous works include "Asrar-e-Khudi" (Secrets of the Self), "Zarb-i-Kalim" (The Reed-Flute's Cry), and "Bang-i-Dra" (The Call of the Marching Bell). His poetry is characterized by its use of traditional poetic forms and its profound philosophical insights.

In addition to his literary contributions, Iqbal was also an important political figure in the movement for an independent Muslim state in India. He is widely regarded as the spiritual father of Pakistan and his ideas continue to shape the country's national identity.

Who are the national poets of Pakistan?

The national poet of Pakistan is Allama Muhammad Iqbal, who is also commonly known as Allama Iqbal. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets and thinkers of the 20th century and is a prominent figure in South Asian literature. His poetry and philosophy played a key role in the development of Pakistan's national identity, and he is considered the spiritual father of Pakistan. Iqbal's poetry is celebrated and recited throughout Pakistan and his birthday, November 9th, is observed as a national holiday in the country.

Allama Iqbal Poetry Books

Allama Iqbal's poetry is known for its depth, passion, and philosophical underpinnings. He is best known for his poetry collections, including Asrar-e-Khudi (Secrets of the Self), Rumuz-i-Bekhudi (The Secrets of Selflessness), Bang-i-Dra (The Call of the Marching Bell), and Zarb-i-Kalim (The Reed-Thoughts).

Asrar-e-Khudi was Allama Iqbal's first poetic work, and it focuses on the concept of the self and the journey of self-discovery. In Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, he discusses the importance of selflessness and detachment from materialism. Bang-i-Dra is considered his magnum opus and is a collection of poems that discuss the themes of nationalism, religion, and spirituality. Zarb-i-Kalim is a collection of Persian poetry that reflects his views on Islamic philosophy and theology.

Allama Iqbal's poetry is characterized by its use of metaphors and imagery, and his works often deal with themes of faith, humanity, and the relationship between God and man.

Philosophy of Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal was not only a poet but also a great philosopher who contributed to Islamic philosophy and theology. His philosophy is centered on the concept of the self, which he believes is the key to unlocking one's true potential. He believed that the individual has the power to change the world and that the path to self-discovery is through a spiritual journey.

Allama Iqbal also believed in the idea of an Islamic state, which would be based on the principles of justice and equality. He believed that the Islamic state could serve as a model for the rest of the world and that it could help solve the social and economic problems that plague many Muslim countries.


Allama Iqbal's poetry and philosophy have had a profound impact on Urdu literature and Islamic thought. He is widely regarded as a national hero in Pakistan, and his works continue to inspire generations of people in the country and around the world.

In recognition of his contributions to Urdu literature and Islamic philosophy, Allama Iqbal was awarded the title of "Sir" by the British government in 1922. He also received the title of "Allama" from the people of India, in recognition of his vast knowledge and scholarship.


Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a great poet, philosopher, and scholar who left an indelible mark on Urdu literature and Islamic philosophy. His poetry and philosophy continue to inspire people around the world, and his contributions to the field of Urdu literature and Islamic thought will always be remembered.

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